DESIGN

LE+JACQUARD+FRANCAIS

LE JACQUARD FRANCAIS
LE JACQUARD FRANCAIS
FRANCE

View Artist's Products
Installed in Gérardmer in the Vosges region of France in 1888 by its founder Nathan Lévy, the cloth mill, after its destruction at the end of World War II, was rebuilt and started again after a short while. Thereafter, the Nathan Levy Company was taken over by the Ellis Group in 1968. It then changed its name and became Le Jacquard Français.

The first collection was launched in 1978 in collaboration with the designer Primrose Bordier.

Today, Le Jacquard Français has become the unchallenged reference for damask linen.

Why Gérardmer?

Flax was grown in the Vosges region from the earliest times. Women spun the flax and men wove the linen. After the cloths had been woven, they were washed in the water of the Gérardmer lake and bleached in the fields. Every household produced enough for its own sheets and shirts.

With the invention of the spinning machine in 1850, the number of cloth mills at Gérardmer increased.

The American Civil War (1860-1865) meant that cotton no longer reached Europe, and this contributed to the growth of linen production at Gérardmer.

Today, Gérardmer is still an important production site for textiles. If the factory of Le Jacquard Français has been modernized since 1871, the place of production has never changed.

The collection


This includes all the items sold with the Le Jacquard Français brand name. The collection comprises table linen, pantry linen, beauty linen and the baby collection. All these items are woven on Jacquard looms. Two collections are produced each year.

Combining yesterday's traditions with today's imagination, Le Jacquard Français meets the needs of a refined clientele and an international market looking for French products of high quality.

Raw materials

There are two types of textiles:

Natural materials:

Animal: These include wool (sheep), cashmere and mohair (goat), alpaca (llama), camel, and angora (rabbit and goat).

Vegetable: Cotton, linen, hemp, jute, ramie, sisal, raffia, coconut, kapok and rubber.

Mineral: Glass, carbon, metal.

Chemical materials:

Artificial (derived from cellulose): viscose, modal, acetate, etc.

Synthetic (derived from petroleum products): These include polyamide, polyester, acrylic, polyethylene, polypropylene and elasthane.

Le Jacquard Français uses only natural materials, cotton and linen

Weaving


A fabric is made by interlacing warp and weft threads.
The warp threads are arranged lengthwise in the fabric.
The weft threads are perpendicular to the warp threads.
The different ways of interlacing the threads are called weaves.
Weaves are used to produce volume effects.
The Le Jacquard weaving process consists in independently controlling the up-and-down movement of the warp threads. This makes it possible to produce designs in relief that are visible on the front and back alike.
The design is transposed on to a card in the form of perforations. The perforated cards have now been replaced by computer diskettes. The up-and-down movement is controlled by the harness of the Le Jacquard machine.

Quality
After weaving, the fabrics undergo a number of operations to transform the unbleached fabric leaving the loom into a product ready to be made up.
It then undergoes a quality control to check that there are no weaving defects.
The cloth is bleached and dried, and sometimes mercerized or dyed. All these treatments improve the appearance of the cloth.
The product is at last ready to be made up.