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FERGUSSON%2C+JAMES

FERGUSSON, JAMES
FERGUSSON, JAMES
SCOTLAND
James Fergusson (22 January 1808 – 9 January 1886), a Scottish writer on architecture, was born at Ayr. His father was an army surgeon.
After being educated first at the Royal High School, Edinburgh, and afterwards at a private school at Hounslow, James went to Calcutta as partner in a mercantile house. Here he was attracted by the remains of the ancient architecture of India, little known or understood at that time. The successful conduct of an indigo factory, as he states in his own account, enabled him in about ten years to retire from business and settle in London. The observations made on Indian architecture were first embodied in his book on The Rock-cut Temples of India, published in 1845.