1941-, Japanese architect, b. Osaka. The majority of his buildings are in Japan, and he is particularly known for religious structures and museums. Informally apprenticed to a Japanese master carpenter, Ando is otherwise self-taught. He traveled throughout Asia, Europe, and the Americas in the 1960s, reading and absorbing architecture firsthand. Ando opened his own firm in 1970 and a few years later achieved early public recognition for his house commissions. His work matured in the 1980s and by late in the decade he was creating outstanding public buildings, such as the spiritually resonant Church of the Light, Hokkaido, Japan, and Church on the Water, Osaka (both: 1988). By then, he had become widely known for his synthesis of modern Western architecture and an exquisite Japanese sensibility. At his best, Ando creates serenely austere, unornamented structures made of silky smooth concrete punctuated by sheets of plate glass. His works contrast simple masses and planes with the play of light and natural elements, emphasizing function, strength, and beauty. He won substantial acclaim for his first public commission in the United States, the handsome Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts, St. Louis (2001), and for the ambitious Modern Art Museum, Fort Worth, Tex. (2002), that features glass-walled pavilions that seemingly float upon a lagoon. Ando was awarded the coveted Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1995.